I have reviewed the initial publication report as well as viewed the photographs of the mosaic in situ. There is little to suggest that it was "plundered".
I find the legal musings a little misleading.
A leading legal expert said the removal of an antiquity was a crime under international law.
''In a general sense [the soldiers] could be said to have violated the laws and customs of war,'' said Emeritus Professor Ben Boer from the University of Sydney's Law School. But Australia did not appear to be bound by these laws in April 1917, he added.
Professor Boer also said international law did not require the Australian government to return the Shellal Mosaic to its rightful owner.The further complexity is that the mosaic was excavated in territory that was then part of the Ottoman Empire.