The German judge has stated that the Italian authorities were unable to demonstrate that the piece had been looted or been able to show when the helmet entered Germany ("Man wisse nicht, ob der Helm tatsächlich aus einer Raubgrabung stammt und wann er von Italien nach Deutschland gelangte"). The court decided to apply a statue of limitation to the case which expired in 2008.
What was the fully documented collecting history for the Apulian helmet?
Sales of the Axel Guttmann collection include:
- The Art of Warfare: The Axel Guttmann Collection Part I: Christie's, South Kensington, 6 November 2002: £1,375,946.
- Axel Guttmann Collection of Ancient Arms and Armour, Part 2: Christie's, South Kensington, 28 April 2004: £1,605,805.
For earlier comments on the role of Germany in the antiquities market see here.