If the law is approved, anyone in possession of archaeological artifacts, even if those artifacts came from illegal excavations, will be able to obtain from the State a renewable permission to keep the object for the duration of 30 years. All they will have to do is declare that they have been in possession of the artifact since before December 31, 2009, and pay a modest fee.
The antiquities thus “legalized” will also probably be allowed to be bequeathed in wills or even sold. The department of cultural heritage will only have the power to contest the declared value of the artifact and request the difference.
Thus overnight, the law will officially transform looters and the “archaeomafia,” which the current legal system condemns and prosecutes, into collectors and managers of cultural heritage, who with the antiquities they have robbed from the public patrimony, can engage, legally, in commercial activities and with museums and art galleries.There are concerns that the so-called "archaeomafia" will use the changes to justify raiding archaeological sites such as tombs to retrieve objects that can be sold at a future date.
If the Medici Conspiracy has taught us one thing it is that archaeological sites in Italy have been the targets for those seeking to obtain sellable antiquities that have ended up in high profile museums and private collections. [See review article.]
The statement concludes with an appeal:
Invitiamo tutto il mondo dei beni culturali e della cultura, tutta la cittadinanza italiana e tutti coloro i quali, in Italia e all’estero, hanno a cuore il patrimonio archeologico e artistico italiano, che costituisce l’identità culturale stessa della nostra Nazione e un patrimonio di tutta l’Umanità, tutelato dalla nostra Costituzione, alla mobilitazione contro questa norma, che renderebbe vana nel nostro Paese qualsiasi attività lecita di tutela e di ricerca archeologica.
We invite the whole world of cultural heritage and antiquities, all the peaple and those who in Italy and abroad hold dear the Italian archaeological and artistic patrimony, which constitutes our nation’s cultural identity itself and belongs to the cultural patrimony of all mankind, and is protected by our constitution, to mobilization against this law that would render vain in our country any legal efforts of protection and archaeological research.There is a Facebook site and an online petition.